Mizoram sees increase in infant mortality

Aizawl, Jul 11, 2012 : A survey by Economics and Statistics department of Mizoram has revealed that the rate of infant mortality has increased alarmingly in the state.

According to a latest survey, 38 infants out of every 1000 infants died in 2008, compared to 16 out of every 1000 infants during the year 2003.

''The death of infants before attaining one year has increased at an alarming rate in Mizoram during the last five years, from 2003 to 2008,'' the survey stated.

According to National Family Health Survey III (2005-06), infant mortality in India was 57 per 1000 in which Uttar Pradesh had the highest rate with 73.

According to the NFHS-III, Mizoram was the sixth state in terms of low infant mortality rate at 34 deaths out of 1000 infants.

The rate of infant mortality in Mizoram in 2003 was 16, which increased to 19 in 2004 further jumped to 26 in 2005.

It further increased from 26 in 2005 to 29.73 in 2007 and 38.34 in 2008, stated the survey published on June 29.

Among the eight districts, infant mortality rate is highest in Saiha district with 113.64 and lowest in Lawngtlai district with 19.08.

The rate in Saiha district is much higher than national average which is 57, as per 2005-06 NHFS III survey.

On the contrary, birth rate in Mizoram has been found to be slow.

During 2006, birth rate of Mizoram was 21.51, which decreased to 20.1 in 2007, and further to 21.45 in 2008.

Birth rate is the nativity or child births per 1,000 people per year (in estimation review points).

According to the NHFS-III, on average, a woman in Mizoram gives birth to three children.

Out of the nearly nine lakhs people in Mizoram according to the 2001 census, 35.51 per cent was children below 14 years of age.

--UNI
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