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Indian Forest Act 2019 chungchangah Press Conference nei


17th July 2019: Zo Indigenous Forum (ZIF), ZORO leh PRISM Society te chuan Indian Forest Act 2019  chungchangah Ni 17 July 2019 khan Aizawl Press Club-ah Press Conference kan nei a, a hnuai mi hi kan Press Note a ni e.




Press Note : Indian Forest Act, 2019
 

Dated Aizawl, the 17th July 2019

1.      India ramah hian British hunlaia Forest Dan an siam tawh, ‘The Indian Forest Act, 1927’ chu kan la hmang char char a. Kum 90 hnuah chuan siamthat ngai tam tak a awm tih hriain India sorkar chuan India Forest (Amendment) Bill 2019 a buatsaih a.

2.      Chu draft Bill chu Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change-in he dan en tura Core Committee-in rawtna a siam te chu March Ni 7, 2019 khan State leh UT zawng zawngah thawn darhin, a zau thei ang bera NGOs/Civil Society Organisation te nen inrawnkhawmna (consultation) nei a, chumia an comments/rawtna zawng zawngte chu notification an chhuah atanga Ni 90 chhunga thawnlet leh turin hriattirna a chhuah bawk a. He stakeholders Consultation hi a kokim taka rang thei ang ber a buatsaih turin Mizoram sorkar kan ngen takmeuh a ni.

3.      He dan duan tharah hian India Constitution hnuaia inhungbikna kan neih Article 371 (G) (a – ii, iii leh iv) phei chu nasa takin a palzut dawn a, Mizote tan dan hlauhawm leh thalo tak a ni dawn a, he dan (draft) do tur hian Mizoram-a Political Party leh tlawmngai pawl zawng zawng leh Mizoram sorkar kan ngen tak meuh a ni.

4.      Tin, he dan duan thar hian Constitution hnuaia Sixth Schedule Autonomous District Councils (ADC) kan neihte thuneihna hrang hrang heng:-
o          administration of justice
o          land and limited legislative powers
o          enjoy the power to make laws on such subjects as allocation of lands (other than reserved forests)
o          management of forests (other than reserved forests)
o          the regulation of ‘jhum’ (swidden) cultivation, among others te hi
a rawn bawh chhe vek dawn a ni.

5.      He dan duan thar Section 66 (2)-ah chuan Forest Officer te’n forest encroachment chungchangah an duh duh kah theihna a pe a, Section 66- ah chuan Arrest warrant tel lova mi inchhung luh theihna leh dap theihna an nei bawk. Rambuai laia vai sipaiin an duh duha mi man leh kah theihna Armed Forces Special Power Act, 1958 ang maiin Forest Officer-te hian an duh duh an kapin mi in an dap thei dawn tihna a ni a, a rapthlak hle a ni.

6.     Section 16-ah chuan forest dwellers te dikna leh chanvo pawh forest conservation thil nen a inkalh a nih chuan laksak theih a ni ang tih a chuang bawk a (the state governments could take away the rights of the forest dwellers if the government feels it is not in line with “conservation of the proposed reserved forest”

7.      He dan thar ruahman hian Indigenous Peoples Rights leh UNDRIP bung hrang hrang te a bawhchhe nasa hle a ni. (Article 8, 25, 26, 32.)

8.      Section 3.2.2 ah chuan, ‘Central sorkarin forest-te hman an duhdan anga state sorkarin hma a la lo a nih chuan over-rule theih an ni ang’ tih a awm a. Hei hi India constitution-a federal structure spirit nen pawh a inkalh tlat a ni.

9.      India State of Forest Report 2017-a a lan danin Mizoram-ah forest cover 18,186 Sq Kms (86.27% of states geographical areas) a awm a, Reserve forest- 79.47% (4,482.9027 Sq Kms, Unclassed forest- 20.53 % (1,158.0973 Sq Kms) a awm mek a ni.

10.  Mizoramah Carbon Stock 95.041 Million tonnes (India rampum carbon stock 1.34%) awmin Mizorama forest area hi India State of Forest Report 2015 aia a tlemna chu 531 Sq Kms a ni a, hei hi a chhan chu tlangram loneih leh hmasawnna hnathawh (developmental activities) vang niin  tarlan a ni.

He forest dan thar ruahmanna Section 2.1 (10) ah chuan “production forests” rawn dah tharin forest product tharchhuah nan Section 34.C (1) na angin thing leh non timber forest produce, medicinal plant tihna atan hman theih a ni tih a chuang bawk a. He bung leh chang hian North East India-a forest te chu nasa taka ti chereu a, sum siam nana hman leh kan ram leilunga thing leh thlai awmlo hrang hrang te chinna atan hman an tum tih a chiang hle a ni.

11.  Section 2.9 ah chuan Unclassed forest forest chungchang sawiin State sorkarin Reserve forest emaw protected forest-a a puan loh zawng chu unclass forest tih ani dawn a, hei hian vangtlang ram leh hmun kan humhalh thin zawng zawng dan anga Reserve Forest emaw Protected Forest emaw a ziahliuh loh zawng zawng te chu a huam vek dawn a. Hei hian kan forest humhalh leh hmun that neih te chu ‘production forest’ atan awlsam takin a siam dawn a ni.

12.  Section 3.10 naah chuan Kum 5 aia reilo chhungin tlangram loneih (shifting cultivation) chu tihtawp ngei ngei tur a ni tih tarlan a ni a, keini Mizo mipui tam zawk tlangram loneih eizawng te tan chuan chem lova lu lakna a ni.

Jointly Issued by: Zo Indigenous Forum (ZIF), ZoRO, PRISM - 2019


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